By Dale Layman
Advisor to figuring out simple and utilized clinical info, for these who've had no longer formal education in biology. comprises greater than a hundred and fifty illustrations, a pronunciation advisor, self-tests, and studies. Softcover. DLC: Biology.
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Extra resources for Biology Demystified: A Self Teaching Guide
183 bugs: The swarming herd 184 Metamorphosis: A caterpillar turns into a butterfly 184 bugs: Inducers of organic Order and disease within the surroundings 186 Busy pollinators of plants 187 The menacing swarms 187 Quiz 188 bankruptcy 12 The Chordata: Animals with a ‘‘Chord’’ InTheir ‘‘Back’’ 191 The notochord: historic forerunner of the vertebral column 192 The phylum chordata and its teams 192 the ocean squirts and lancelets: No ‘‘jointed backbone’’ 193 The vertebrates – Chordates with a ‘‘jointed backbone’’ 194 vast range in backboned creatures: 8 varied sessions of vertebrates 195 category Agnatha: Fish-like vertebrates ‘‘without jaws’’ 197 classification Placodermi: Extinct armored fishes 197 classification Chondrichthyes: Fish with skeletons of cartilage 197 type Osteichthyes: Fish with skeletons of bone 198 type Amphibia: Livers of a ‘‘double life’’ 199 [13:35 13/6/03 N:/4058 LAYMAN. 751/4058-Prelims. 3d] Ref: 4058 Layman: Biology Demystified Prelims web page: 12 1-22 CONTENTS xiii category Reptilia: ‘‘Crawlers’’ with backbones 199 classification Aves: They’re simply ‘‘for the birds! ’’ 2 hundred classification Mammalia: Backboned animals with ‘‘breasts’’ 202 Quiz 206 attempt: half three 209 half four: ANATOMY AND body structure OF ANIMALS 215 bankruptcy thirteen Skins and Skeletons 217 Skins and skeletons: tricky reminders of a former lifestyles 218 ‘‘Ain’t we simply peachy? ’’: the outside as our integument 218 Keratinized epithelial strata 218 epidermis colour through melanin 220 The pores and skin as our tricky major ‘‘skin’’ 220 Hyperthermia or hypothermia: physique warmth uncontrolled! 222 The human endoskeleton: Our tough ‘‘dried body’’ mendacity inside 224 Anatomy of a protracted bone 225 Bone improvement, bone matrix, and blood calcium homeostasis 227 Bone improvement and bone matrix 228 Bone home improvement and upkeep of blood calcium homeostasis 230 Breaking of bone-related styles 232 Joints: a gathering of the bones 233 [13:35 13/6/03 N:/4058 LAYMAN. 751/4058-Prelims. 3d] Ref: 4058 Layman: Biology Demystified Prelims web page: thirteen 1-22 xiv CONTENTS Fibrous joints (synarthroses) 234 Cartilaginous joints (amphiarthroses) 234 Synovial joints (diarthroses) 235 Quiz 235 bankruptcy 14 The Neuromuscular (Nerve–Muscle) Connection 239 Bone–muscle lever platforms 240 a few features used for naming muscle tissues 241 the final anatomy of a skeletal muscle 244 constructions in the muscle fibers 245 Myofilaments and the sliding filament conception 246 The sliding filament thought 247 The neuromuscular junction and muscle excitation 249 the method of muscle fiber excitation 251 Motor pathways 251 greater motor neurons in the CNS 252 Sensory pathways 254 The cerebellum and hypothalamus 256 The hypothalamus and destructive suggestions 256 Integration and organization components of the mind 258 Neuromuscular problems: Breaking the connections 258 Paralysis and denervation atrophy 259 Anesthesia – lack of feeling or sensation 260 Quiz 260 [13:35 13/6/03 N:/4058 LAYMAN.