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By Ian Taylor, Gladys Mokhawa

ABSTRACT

It has been acknowledged that diamonds are Botswana’s ally, yet with the
rise of the ‘conflict diamonds’ factor in overseas politics, spurred on in
the major by means of non-governmental firms, Botswana has felt compelled
to move at the offensive to cajole the diamond-buying public that its
diamonds are ‘clean’ and bonafide. This ‘Diamonds for Development’
project has in fresh months been one of many major planks of Botswana’s
foreign coverage. besides the fact that, a parallel NGO crusade round the factor of the
San Bushmen has emerged that, according to perceptions linking diamonds
to the elimination of the San from their houses, threatens Gaborone’s image
as a manufacturer of ‘clean’ diamonds.1 this text makes an attempt to give an explanation for the
dynamics at the back of those concerns at present bedevilling Botswana’s
relations with the surface world.

African Affairs (2003), 102, 261–283.

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Fifty two The neighborhood newspaper Mmegi referred to as the pressured elimination scheme ‘one of the main unlucky classes of motion on the grounds that independence: the banishment of the Basarwa from their ancestral lands to a overseas land, a spot with which they've got no bond’. fifty three the choice, in spite of the fact that, smartly dovetailed with the oft-stated want of the Botswana govt to cajole the San to maneuver out of the CKGR as a part of its coverage to improve tourism — and doubtless diamonds — within the zone. fifty four This procedure was once crystallized within the 1985 ‘Fact-Finding venture’ at the primary Kalahari online game Reserve. fifty five The challenge mentioned again to the govt on its findings. fifty six In October 1986 Moutlakgola Nkwako, the Minister of trade and undefined, introduced the government’s decision to have the San groups depart the CKGR. It used to be from this aspect on that sustained strain was once dropped at endure on humans to depart forty eight. Carolyn Dempster, ‘Botswana Bushmen’s final stand’, BBC information on-line, 18 March 2002, http://news. bbc. co. uk/2/hi/africa/1879429. stm forty nine. San activist Keiphile Steven, quoted in Botswana parent (Gaborone), 26 April 2002. 50. Mmegi/The Reporter (Gaborone), 19–25 February 2002. fifty one. Republic of Botswana, Annual monetary document 2002 (Government Printer, Gaborone, 2002), p. nine. fifty two. Mmegi/The Reporter (Gaborone), February 19–25, 2002. fifty three. Ibid. fifty four. Survival foreign, ‘Botswana squeezes Kalahari peoples out’ (Survival overseas pressing motion Bulletin, London, 1997). fifty five. executive of Botswana, file of the principal Kalahari online game Reserve Fact-Finding challenge (Government Printer, Gaborone, 1985). fifty six. Ministry of trade and undefined, document of the important Kalahari online game Reserve FactFinding challenge. Ministry of trade and round No. 1 of 1986 (Ministry of trade and undefined, Gaborone, 1986). now not eternally: BOTSWANA, clash DIAMONDS AND THE BUSHMEN 277 the Reserve and flow to relocation camps. fifty seven This has intensified in recent times (post-1996). fifty eight The experts’ unique argument was once that the elimination of the San from the CKGR may permit larger flora and fauna conservation. This didn't pass down rather well with critics, because it appeared that Botswana valued wild animals greater than its unique population. fifty nine the reason at the back of the removals thus replaced to emphasize that larger prone should be supplied to the San in the event that they moved out of the Reserve. Gaborone has asserted that, during the last few years, 2,200 San have ‘voluntarily’ left the Reserve to use a couple of incentives, reminiscent of loose cost, grazing land and repayment for lack of possessions. in accordance with the everlasting Secretary for political opinions within the place of work of the President, Tuelonya Oliphant, ‘those that are looking to remain can achieve this. however the companies may be bring to an end and in the event that they wish previous age pensions, destitute rations and different providers, they have to get them from the closest cost open air of the reserve. ’60 even supposing the San were inquisitive about the money economic system because the mid-nineteenth century contra the preferred proposal of the noble and uncorrupted Bushman, the majority of the San have been (and stay) formally deemed as destitute and established upon govt prone.

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